Yazd Province: Traditional Architecture and Ancient Culture

  July 27, 2021   Read time 2 min
Yazd Province: Traditional Architecture and Ancient Culture
Yazd Province is located in the center of Iran. The mountains of the province, stretching from northwest to southeast, are the continuation of Iran’s central mountain range. Mount Shīrkūh with a height of 4000 meters above the sea level is the province’s highest mountain.

Since Yazd is far from the sea and the humidity is low, the province has long hot summers and cold winters. There are no rivers in the province and the only water resources are springs and underground water.

It has poor vegetation and the only places with rich lawn are the foothills of Shīrkūh Mountain. Kālmandān and Bahādorān are two nature reserves of the province which are the habitats to different species of animals like Iranian gazelles, rams, ibexes, mountain goats, leopards, hyenas, foxes, wolves and birds like: grouses, eagles, magpies, partridges and bustard.

The desert province enjoys favorable weather conditions only for half of the year, but the attractions of desert like clear sunny sky, starry nights, absolute silence and alluring mirages have turned this province to an interesting location for tourists. The people of this province speak Persian. The important handicrafts of the province include velvet weaving, Termeh weaving, coarse blanket weaving, straw mat weaving, blanket weaving, etc.

The adherents of the three religions of Islam, Judaism and Zartoshti (Zoroastrianism) have a peaceful coexistence in Yazd. The most important ceremonies of Zoroastrianism include Māhāneh, Fāsli, Norūz-e Jamshīdī, Sadeh, etc. The major famous Jewish festival is the Pesach or Passover.

Fahraj Congregational Mosque (Jama Masjid)

The mosque is located 30 km east of Yazd city. It is made of clay and mud and dates back to the early Islamic era. The architecture of this mosque is comparable to the architecture of the Tarīkhāne Mosque of Dāmghān.

Dolat- Ābād Garden

This garden which is one of the famous gardens of the Zand dynasty (1751-1794) contains different buildings which were the settlement palaces of the rulers at the time. The Dolat-Ābād aqueduct supplies water to this garden. There are different kinds of trees like pines, grapes, pomegranate, etc. This is an interesting site to visit for its architecture, setting and watering system.

Narenj Ghaleh Castle

Also called Nārīn Ghaleh, the castle is located on top of the Galīn Hill facing the city of Meybod. It is a five-storey pre-Islamic castle made of mud and clay.

Zeyn od-Din Caravanserai

This caravanserai is located on the road of Yazd to Kerman at 60 km distance from Yazd city. This structure has been built at the same time as the Ganj Ali Khān Bathhouse in Kerman. This is a round brick structure with five towers.

Yazd Windcatchers

One of the characteristics of architecture in the city of Yazd is designing houses with Windcatchers. The Windcatchers are made of bricks, plaster and wood. They are made in houses for ventilation.

Amīr Chakhmāgh Mosque

The mosque is one of the Timurid era (1370-1507). Structure was built under the order of Amīr Jalal ad-Din Chakhmāgh, the ruler of Yazd in the 13th century CE.

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